poverty


poverty
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Lack of money
Nouns
1. poverty, impecuniousness, indigence, penury, pauperism, destitution, want, poverty line or level; need, neediness; lack, necessity, privation, distress, difficulties; bad, poor, or needy circumstances; reduced or straitened circumstances, extremity; slender means, straits, bottom dollar; hand-to-mouth existence; beggary; mendicancy, loss of fortune, bankruptcy, insolvency (see debt).Slang, dog's life, the bear, tap city. See adversity, insufficiency, nonpayment.
2. poor man, pauper, mendicant, beggar, starveling, homeless person, welfare mother; underclass, dangerous class, honest poor. Informal, street person. Slang, cracker, jim crow, latch, reliefer, bag lady or man, grate people, skell, mole people, zero-parent children, squeegee kid, driftwood, musher, bindle stiff, bum, hobo, tramp, vagrant, moocher, panhandler, ding, doxy, po' buckra, poorlander.
3. almshouse, poorhouse, workhouse, settlement house, flop[house]; public housing, slum clearance, favela, projects (see abode); welfare, work-fare.
Verbs
1. want, lack, starve, live from hand to mouth, have seen better days, go down in the world, go to the dogs, go to wrack and ruin; not have a penny to one's name, be up against it; beg [one's bread]; tighten one's belt, keep body and soul together, keep the wolf from the door, scrape the barrel. Slang, go broke, lose one's shirt.
2. impoverish, reduce to poverty; pauperize, fleece, ruin, strip.
Adjectives — poor, indigent; poverty-stricken; economically disadvantaged, underprivileged; poor as a church mouse; poor as Job's turkey; penniless, impecunious; hard up; out at elbows or heels; seedy, shabby; beggarly, beggared, down and out; destitute, bereft, in want, needy, necessitous, distressed, pinched, straitened, strapped, wasted; unable to keep the wolf from the door, unable to make both ends meet; embarrassed, involved; insolvent, bankrupt, on one's uppers, on the rocks, on the beach. Informal, in the hole. Slang, broke, stony, stone-broke, flat [broke], down to the wire, looking for a handout, melted-out, on one's ear.
Phrases — poverty is not a crime; beggars can't be choosers; money isn't everything; you cannot get blood from a stone.
Quotations — The poor always ye have with you (Bible), The greatest of evils and the worst of crimes is poverty (G. B. Shaw), Anyone who has ever struggled with poverty knows how extremely expensive it is to be poor (Alec Baldwin), He is poor, and that's revenge enough (Shakespeare), Laziness travels so slowly that poverty soon overtakes it (Benjamin Franklin), Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime (Aristotle), There is something about poverty that smells like death (Zora Neale Hurston), If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich ( J. F. Kennedy), A hungry man is not a free man (Adlai Stevenson).
Antonyms, see money, prosperity.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [Want of earthly goods]
Syn. destitution, want, indigence, penury, need, beggary, pennilessness, neediness, mendicancy, pauperism, insufficiency, starvation, famine, hunger, underdevelopment, dearth, privation, reduced circumstances, insolvency, impoverishment, impecuniousness, broken fortune, straits, financial distress, hardship, deficiency, meagerness, aridity, exiguity, stint, depletion, deficit, debt, poorness, hand-to-mouth existence, wolf at the door*, deep water*, hard spot*, pinch*, bite*, crunch*, tough going*; see also lack 1 .
Ant. wealth*, prosperity, comfort.
2. [Want of any deSirable thing]
Syn. shortage, shortness, insufficiency, inadequacy, exigency, scarcity, incompleteness, failing, defect; see also lack 2 .
Syn.- poverty , the broadest of these terms, implies a lack of the resources for reasonably comfortable living; destitution and want imply such Great poverty that the means for mere subsistence, such as food and shelter, are lacking; indigence , a somewhat euphemistic term, implies a lack of comforts that one formerly enjoyed; penury suggests such severe poverty as to cause misery or a loss of self-respect
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
poorness, want, need, destitution, indigence, pennilessness, privation, penury, financial distress, *wolf at the door, *Dickensian poverty, *hand-to-mouth existence, homelessness, lack, scarcity, paucity, insufficiency. ''The parent of revolution and crime.''—Aristotle. ''The reward of honest fools.''—Colley Cibber. ''Life near the bone, where it is sweetest.''—Henry Thoreau.
ANT.: wealth, riches, affluence, plenty, abundance
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. The condition of being extremely poor: beggary, destitution, impecuniosity, lmpecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence, need, neediness, pennilessness, penuriousness,, penury, privation, want. See RICH. 2. The condition or fact of being deficient: defect, deficiency, deficit, inadequacy, insufficiency, lack, paucity, scantiness, scantness, scarceness, scarcity, shortage, shortcoming, shortfall, underage1. See EXCESS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Poverty — • Discusses poverty as a concept and canonical discipline Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Poverty     Poverty     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Poverty — Pov er*ty (p[o^]v [ e]r*t[y^]), n. [OE. poverte, OF. povert[ e], F. pauvret[ e], fr. L. paupertas, fr. pauper poor. See {Poor}.] 1. The quality or state of being poor or indigent; want or scarcity of means of subsistence; indigence; need. Swathed …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • poverty — pov‧er‧ty [ˈpɒvəti ǁ ˈpɑːvərti] noun [uncountable] 1. the situation or experience of being poor: • 86% of the population lives in poverty. • a major anti poverty initiative 2. the poverty line the income below which people are officially… …   Financial and business terms

  • poverty — poverty, indigence, penury, want, destitution, privation all denote the state of one who is poor or without enough to live upon. Poverty, the most comprehensive of these terms, typically implies such deficiency of resources that one is deprived… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • poverty — [päv′ər tē] n. [ME poverte < OFr povreté < L paupertas < pauper, POOR] 1. the condition or quality of being poor; indigence; need 2. deficiency in necessary properties or desirable qualities, or in a specific quality, etc.; inadequacy… …   English World dictionary

  • poverty — late 12c., from O.Fr. poverte, from L. paupertatem (nom. paupertas) poverty, from pauper (see POOR (Cf. poor)). Seeing so much poverty everywhere makes me think that God is not rich. He gives the appearance of it, but I suspect some financial… …   Etymology dictionary

  • poverty — poverty, poorness Poverty is the usual noun corresponding to poor in its meanings to do with lack of wealth or lack of things regarded like wealth (e.g. poverty of inspiration). Poorness is not often used and is more usual in meanings to do with… …   Modern English usage

  • poverty — I noun absence, bare subsistence, beggarliness, beggary, dearth, deficiency, deficit, depletion, destitution, difficulty, distress, embarrassed circumstances, exigency, famine, humbleness, impecuniosity, impecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence …   Law dictionary

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  • poverty — ► NOUN 1) the state of being extremely poor. 2) the state of being insufficient in amount. ORIGIN Old French poverte, from Latin pauper poor …   English terms dictionary

  • Poverty — Street children sleeping in Mulberry Street – Jacob Riis photo New York, United States (1890) Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.[1] Absolute poverty or destitution is inability to afford …   Wikipedia